ItsHot.com Diamond Education & Diamond Information Section
Diamond Education & Diamond Information
The 4 C's + 1When choosing the one perfect loose diamond either for yourself or for your special someone you need to pay attention to the 4 C’s in order to make the right choice and an investment for life.
C 1: CUT
All ItsHot.COM Diamonds are carefully selected and cut to perfection to emphasize the dazzling beauty of a Diamond.
The cut of a Diamond is a key to its magical brilliant glow. The Diamond is cut to maximize its natural sparkle. A Diamond may have a perfect color and clarity but a poor cut dramatically worsens the Diamond’s brilliant appearance. A Diamond may be cut in many different shapes: round, princess, baguette etc, but any shape it may be turned into must be of perfect proportions.
The Diamond shines and sparkles the most when it is ideally cut, allowing the light to travel through the Diamond and exit in a heirloom radiance of a colorful rainbow. If a Diamond is improperly cut, the light is lost and the Diamond appears dark and dull and doesn’t sparkle.
- Shallow cut: When a Diamond is shallow, the light is lost out the sides and the Diamond looses its captivating brilliance;
- Deep cut: When a Diamond is cut deep, the light escapes out the bottom and the Diamond appears dark;
- Ideal cut: Allows the light to travel freely through the Diamond and exit in a rainbow of sparkles.
POLISH AND SYMMETRY
Just like a cut, polish and symmetry dramatically affect the appearance of a Diamond. Poor polish will leave a Diamond’s facet dull and that will have a Diamond appear blurry and sparkling poorly. Symmetry allows the light to travel freely through the Diamond and poor symmetry will dramatically subtract from the Diamond’s appearance.
C 2: COLOR
The Diamonds differ in color. Some appear naturally colorless and are considered to be the most precious because of their rare find while others are not colorless. The Diamond’s color is defined according to a scale from D to Z.
C 3: CLARITY
Just as color, clarity defines the natural quality of a Diamond. Absolutely clear Diamonds are rare and therefore are most expensive. Clarity means that the Diamond may or may not have the natural inclusions such as scratches, trace of minerals or other characteristics that can detract not only from the beauty but also from the value of the Diamond.
There is also a scale on measuring the clarity of a Diamond:
C 4: CARAT
The Total Carat Weight (ctw.) determines the total weight of Diamonds that you have in your Diamond jewelry. There can be one Diamond or a numerous amount of Diamonds. For example: If you have 5 diamonds in your ring each weighting 0.25 carats, then total carat weight of diamonds in your ring is 1.25 carats.
C 5: CARE
As you know, Diamonds are the hardest substance on earth. They are uniquely resistant to damage by heat or scratching, and can be cut or polished only by another Diamond. Only an extremely hard blow to the girdle can cause a Diamond to chip. By having your Diamond set in a relatively protective setting, and remaining conscious of it on your finger, you can keep your Diamond intact for a lifetime.
Note that exposure during ordinary wear to perspiration and household chemicals, like chlorine and hair spray, can cause buildup that dulls the surface of a Diamond.
We suggest periodic cleanings to keep the Diamond brilliant and refractive.
If you decide to clean your Diamond Jewelry at home, you can use a solution of one part ammonia and six parts water. Simply dip your Diamond Jewelry into the solution for a short period of time and that should take care of the build up that forms on your Diamond Jewelry as you wear it. Another way of cleaning your Diamond Jewelry is by hand, scrubbing gently with a soft brush to loosen most dirt and greatly increase the brilliance of the diamond, but be careful not to scratch the metal of your setting.
We advise that at least once a year you have your Diamonds cleaned and setting checked by a professional.
It is also a good idea to have you Diamond Jewelry stored individually in soft cloth pouches when not being worn. That will prevent the Diamond or Diamonds from scratching or dulling other jewelry.